After being in the sun for an hour does your skin:
Burn =4 points
Burn then Tan =3 points
Tan =1 points
Do you have Freckles:
A lot =5 points
None =1 points
Do you work:
Outdoors =4 points
Some of the time =3 points
Indoors =2 points
Where did you live in the U.S. before the age of 18?
South = 4 points
Midwest = 3 points
North =2 points
10 - 15 below average risk
16 – 22 average risk
23 – 25 high risk
26 – 30 very high risk
2008 Skin Cancer Fact Sheet
Basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas are the two most common forms of skin cancer, but are easily treated if detected early.1
Current estimates are that 1 in 5 Americans will develop skin cancer in their lifetime. 2
Melanoma is the most common form of cancer for young adults 25-29 years old and the second most common form of cancer for adolescents and young adults 15-29 years old. 3
Melanoma is increasing faster in females 15-29 years old than males in the same age group. In females 15-29 years old, the torso is the most common location for developing melanoma which may be due to high-risk tanning behaviors. 3
Melanoma in individuals 10-39 years old is highly curable with five-year survival rates exceeding 90 percent. 3
1 in 58 men and women will be diagnosed with melanoma during their lifetime. Caucasians and men over 50 years of age are at a higher risk of developing melanoma than the general population. 4
It is estimated that there will be about 116,500 new cases of melanoma in 2008 — 54,020 noninvasive (in situ) and 62,480 invasive (34,950 men and 27,530 women). 1
One American dies of melanoma almost every hour (every 62 minutes). In 2008, 8,420 deaths will be attributed to melanoma — 5,400 men and 3,020 women. 1
The World Health Organization estimates that as many as 65,161 people a year worldwide die from too much sun, mostly from malignant skin cancer. 5
More than 75 percent of skin cancer deaths are from melanoma. 1
The five-year survival rate for people whose melanoma is detected and treated before it spreads to the lymph nodes is 99 percent. 1
In 2004, the total direct cost associated with the treatment for non-melanoma skin cancer was $1.5 billion. 6
The American Cancer Society recommends periodic skin examination as part of any cancer related check-up depending on a person's age and gender. 1
Individuals with a history of melanoma should have a full body exam at least annually and perform regular self-exams for new and changing moles. 7
Five-year survival rates for regional and distant stage melanomas are 65% and 15%, respectively.
1American Cancer Society. 2008 Cancer Facts and Figures. http://www.cancer.org/downloads/STT/2008CAFFfinalsecured.pdf.
2Robinson JK. Sun Exposure, Sun Protection, and Vitamin D. JAMA 2005; 294: 1541-43.
3Cancer Epidemiology in Older Adolescents & Young Adults. SEER AYA Monograph Pages 53-57. 2007.
4Melanoma of the Skin, Cancer Fact Sheets, National Cancer Institute, SEER database, 2007. http://seer.cancer.gov.
5World Health Organization, Solar ultraviolet radiation: Global burden of disease from solar ultraviolet radiation. Environmental Burden of Disease Series, N.13. 2006.
6Bickers DR, Lim HW, Margolis D et al. The burden of skin diseases: 2004 a joint project of the American
Academy of Dermatology Association and the Society for Investigative Dermatology. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 2006; 55: 490-500.
7Berg A. Screening for skin cancer. US Preventive Services Task Force, 2007.